Know All About CARO- Applicability

Last Updated On: Dec. 21, 2020, 9:47 p.m.
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APPLICABILITY OF CARO 2020 EXTENDED TILL 1ST APRIL, 2021

Company Auditors Report Order(CARO) is a new format for the issue of audit reports in case of statutory audits of companies under the Companies Act,2013.

Due to the emerging financial distress faced by most people on account of the large-scale economic distress caused by COVID 19, the Government of India had extended the due dates of various provisions to provide relief in the current pandemic situation.

 

Applicability of CARO:

  • The MCA has issued the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order, 2016 (CARO 2016), on 29th March 2016. This order has been issued in supersession of the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order, 2015, and is applicable for reporting on financial statements of companies whose financial year commences on or after 1st April 2015.
  • To enhance the scope of the audit, the MCA in consultation with the National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) released the CARO 2020.  It lists out the subject matters on which the applicable companies are mandatorily required to report.
  • It has included additional reporting requirements after consultations with the NFRA. NFRA is an independent regulatory body for regulating the audit and accounting profession in India. The aim is to enhance the overall quality of reporting by the company auditors.

 

To whom is CARO 2020 applicable?

CARO 2020 shall apply to every company including a foreign company, except

1.a banking company defined under Section 5(c) of Banking Regulation Act, 1949

2.an insurance company defined under Section 2 of the Insurance Act, 1938

3.a company licensed to operate under section 8 of the Companies Act

4.One Person Company defined under section 2(62) of the Companies Act, 2013 and a small company as defined under section 2(85) of the Companies Act, 2013

5. The following Private Companies are also exempt from the requirements of CARO, 2016

i. Not a holding or subsidiary of a Public company

ii. Paid-up Capital plus Reserves less than or equal to Rs. 1 Crore as at the reporting date

iii. Borrowings less than or equal to Rs. 1 Crore at any time during the year

iv. Revenue less than or equal to Rs. 10 Crores in the financial year

The auditors of all other class or classes of companies are required to report on the matters specified in this order. This order applies to foreign companies also and thus, the auditors for such companies are also required to report on the matters specified in CARO, 2016

 

Matters specified in CARO 2016

The Company Auditor’s Report Order (CARO), 2016 includes the following matters on which the auditor is required to report mandatorily:

 A. Fixed Assets

B. Inventory

C. Loans are given by Company

D. Loan to Directors and Investment by the Company

E. Deposits

F. Cost records

G. Statutory Dues

H. Repayment of Loans

I. The utilization of funds

J. Reporting of Fraud

K. Approval of Managerial Remuneration

L. Nidhi Company

M. Related Party Transactions

N. Private placement of Preferential Issues

O. Non-Cash Transactions

P. Registration under RBI Act

 

Reporting Requirement Under Each Clause

A brief of reporting requirements under each of the above clauses is hereunder:

A. Fixed Assets

i. Whether the company maintains proper records showing full particulars including details of quantity and situation of the fixed assets

ii. Whether physical verification of the fixed assets is conducted by the management at reasonable intervals

iii. If any material discrepancies were noticed on physical verification, whether it has been accounted for in books of accounts

 

B. Inventory

i. Whether at reasonable intervals the management has conducted physical verification of inventory

ii. If any material discrepancies were noticed on physical verification, whether it has been accounted for in books of accounts

 

C. Loans are given by Company

Whether the company has granted any secured or unsecured loans to related parties. IF they have granted such loans, to check the following:

i. Whether the terms of such loans are not prejudicial to the company’s interest

ii. Whether the repayment and its receipt are proper

iii. To report with loans repayment outstanding for more than 90 days and what is the recovery position

 

D. Loan to Directors and Investment by the Company

Whether the loans and guarantees to directors are in order and in compliance with the limits prescribed.

 

E. Deposits

Whether the company has accepted any deposits and if yes, have they followed RBI’s directives as under:

i. The provisions regarding acceptance of deposits under section 73 to 76 of the Companies Act, 2013 has been followed

ii. If the order is passed by the court or any other tribunal like RBI, CLB, etc

iii. In case of non-compliance, the nature of the same has to be reported

 

F. Cost Records

If the Central Government has prescribed maintaining cost records, whether the same have been properly maintained or not.

 

G. Statutory Dues

The auditor shall report whether the company:

i. Is regularly depositing its statutory dues

ii. If not regular, statutory dues outstanding for more than 6 months should be disclosed

iii. If any taxes have not been deposited because of any dispute, the amount of dispute and the forum where the litigation is ongoing should be disclosed

 

H. Repayment of Loans

If the company has defaulted in repayment of loans to banks, government, debenture-holders, etc. then the amount and period of default are to be reported.

 

I. Utilisation of funds

If any funds were raised under a public offer or loan, have they been applied to the purpose for which they were raised. Also, the auditor has to report in case of any delay and defaults.

 

J. Reporting of Fraud

If any fraud by the company or its employees has occurred during the year. If yes, the nature and amount involved have to be reported.

 

K. Approval of Managerial Remuneration

Whether the limits prescribed under the Company’s Act 2013 for managerial remuneration have been adhered to. If not, the amount of excess amount involved and steps for recovery being taken have to be reported.

 

L. Nidhi Company

In case of a Nidhi company, whether the following have been complied with has complied with:

i. Maintain net owned funds to deposit in the ratio of 1:20 to meet out the liability

ii. Maintain 10% unattached term deposits to meet out the liability

 

M. Related Party Transactions

The compliances with rules specified in Companies Act 2013 for transactions with related parties have been complied with or not. Also, the same is disclosed appropriately in the financial statements or not.

 

N. Private placement of Preferential Issues

Whether the company has made any preferential or private allotments of shares and debentures. Also, whether the amount Raised has been utilized towards the purpose for which it was raised.

 

O. Non-Cash Transactions

Whether the company has followed the limits and conditions as per Companies Act 2013 in respect of non-cash transactions with directors or their relatives.

 

P. Registration under RBI Act

Whether the company is required to be registered under the RBI Act and if yes, then whether the registration is obtained or not.

All the above-stated clauses are mandatory to be reported on. Also, the disclosures are to be given appropriately.

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