How to file an ITR


Filing an Income Tax Return is an essential responsibility for every taxpayer in India. It not only ensures compliance with the law but also helps individuals in assessing their financial health, claiming refunds, and establishing a clean financial record. If you’re unsure about the process, fear not! This ultimate guide will walk you through the five simple steps to file an Income tax return in India.

Step 1: Gather all the required documents: Before you begin filing your tax return, it’s crucial to gather all the necessary documents. These include your PAN (Permanent Account Number), Aadhaar card, bank statements, Form 16 or salary certificate from your employer, details of investments and deductions, and any other relevant financial documents.

Step 2: Choose the correct ITR form: The next step is to identify the appropriate Income Tax Return (ITR) form to use for filing. The choice of the form depends on factors such as your income sources, employment status, and residential status. The income tax department classifies ITR forms as ITR-1, ITR-2, ITR-3, ITR-4, ITR-5, ITR-6, or ITR-7. The most common form used by salaried individuals is ITR-1 (SAHAJ) and for business owners or professionals, ITR-3 or ITR-4 might be applicable.

Step 3: Fill out the ITR form: Once you’ve identified the correct Income tax return form, it’s time to fill it out accurately. The form requires you to provide your personal details, income details, deductions, exemptions claimed, and tax liability calculations. It’s important to double-check all the information entered to ensure accuracy.

Step 4: Verify your ITR: After completing the form, it’s essential to verify your Income tax return. There are multiple ways to do this. You can electronically verify it using Aadhaar OTP, EVC (Electronic Verification Code), or Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). Alternatively, you can physically sign and mail the ITR-V (ITR Verification) form to the Income Tax Department’s CPC (Centralized Processing Center) within 120 days of e-filing.

Step 5: File your ITR: The final step is to file your Income tax return. There are two methods to file an Income tax return in India: online and offline. Online filing is the most convenient and popular method. You can e-file your Income tax return through the Income Tax Department’s official website, authorized e-filing portals, or mobile apps. Offline filing involves submitting a physical copy of the Income-tax return form at the local Income Tax Office.

How to File an ITR for Self-Employed Individuals

Filing an Income Tax Return is a crucial responsibility for every self-employed individual in India. It not only ensures compliance with tax regulations but also enables you to accurately report your income and claim deductions. However, the process can seem very difficult, especially if you’re new to it. In this blog post, we will guide you through the steps involved in filing a tax return as a self-employed individual in India.

Step 1: Determine the Applicable Form: The first step in filing an Income tax return is to determine the appropriate form to use. As a self-employed individual, you will typically file your tax return using either ITR-3 or ITR-4. ITR-3 is for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) having income from a business or profession, while ITR-4 is for individuals and HUFs with income from a presumptive business.

Step 2: Gather Required Documents: Before you start filling out the Income tax return form, make sure you have all the necessary documents handy. These may include:

  1. Aadhaar Card/PAN Card
  2. Bank statements and passbook
  3. Profit and Loss Statement
  4. Balance Sheet
  5. TDS certificates
  6. Receipts of advance tax and self-assessment tax paid
  7. Details of assets and liabilities

Step 3: Calculate Total Income: As a self-employed individual, you need to calculate your total income by considering all sources, such as income from your business or profession, interest on savings, rental income, etc. It’s essential to maintain accurate records and supporting documents to ensure the accuracy of your calculations.

Step 4: Compute Tax Liability: Once you have determined your total income, you can compute your tax liability by applying the applicable income tax rates. The income tax slabs and rates for individuals in India are subject to change each financial year. Refer to the latest tax slab rates provided by the Income Tax Department or consult a tax professional for accurate information.

Step 5: Claim Deductions and Exemptions: As a self-employed individual, you are eligible to claim deductions and exemptions allowed under the Income Tax Act. Common deductions include contributions to the National Pension Scheme (NPS), deductions under Section 80C (e.g., life insurance premium, provident fund contributions), and deductions for home loan interest (under Section 24). Ensure you have the necessary documentation to support your claims.

Step 6: Fill Out the ITR Form: Using the appropriate Income tax return form (ITR-3 or 4), fill in the relevant details accurately. Provide your personal information, income details, tax computations, and deductions claimed. Be diligent while filling out the form and cross-check all the details to avoid errors.

Step 7: Verify and File the Income tax return: After completing the Income tax return form, review all the information provided. Make sure there are no mistakes or omissions. Once you are satisfied, generate the XML file and digitally sign it using a digital signature certificate (DSC). Alternatively, you can also e-verify your return using Aadhaar OTP or net banking. Finally, submit the verified Income tax return form to the Income Tax Department.

Step 8: Keep Records and Acknowledgment: After filing your Income-tax return, it’s crucial to maintain records of the filed return. Keep a copy of the Income-tax return-V (Acknowledgment) that you receive after successfully filing your return. In case you have filed your Income tax return electronically, you can also download the acknowledgment from the Income Tax Department’s e-Filing portal.

Understanding ITR Forms: Which One to Use?

Filing income tax returns is a crucial aspect of every taxpayer’s financial responsibilities. It ensures compliance with the tax laws of India and helps individuals and businesses report their income and pay taxes accordingly. To facilitate this process, the government has introduced different types of Income tax return forms, each catering to specific categories of taxpayers and their income sources. In this blog, we will delve into the various Income tax return forms used in India and guide you in determining which one to use based on your income profile.

  1. ITR-1 (SAHAJ): ITR-1, also known as SAHAJ, is the most straightforward and commonly used form. It is meant for individuals with income from salary, one house property, and other sources (excluding income from business or profession). If you have income from pension, interest, or agricultural sources (up to a certain limit), ITR-1 is the appropriate form for you. This form is not suitable for individuals with income exceeding ₹50 lakhs or those who hold foreign assets.
  2. ITR-2: ITR-2 is designed for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) who do not have income from business or profession. It covers income from salary, multiple house properties, capital gains, and other sources. If you have income from more than one house property or capital gains (short-term or long-term), ITR-2 is the form you should use.
  3. ITR-3: ITR-3 is applicable to individuals and HUFs who have income from a proprietary business or profession. If you are a freelancer, consultant, or self-employed individual, this form is suitable for you. Income tax return-3 covers income from salary, house property, capital gains, and other sources along with business or professional income.
  4. ITR-4 (SUGAM): ITR-4, also known as SUGAM, is meant for individuals, HUFs, and firms (other than Limited Liability Partnerships) with a presumptive income scheme under Section 44AD, 44ADA, or 44AE of the Income Tax Act. If you are engaged in business or profession and have opted for the presumptive taxation scheme, Income tax return-4 is the appropriate form. It covers income from business or profession, salary, house property, and other sources.
  5. ITR-5: ITR-5 is applicable to firms, Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs), Association of Persons (AOPs), and Body of Individuals (BOIs). It also includes entities who are not eligible to file Income tax return-4. If you fall into any of these categories, ITR-5 should be used to report your income and fulfill your tax obligations.
  6. ITR-6: ITR-6 is specifically designed for companies other than those claiming exemption under Section 11 (income from property held for charitable or religious purposes). If you are a company, regardless of whether you are a domestic or foreign company, Income tax return-6 is the form you should use to file your tax returns.
  7. ITR-7: ITR-7 is applicable to individuals and companies who are required to furnish returns under Sections 139(4A) or 139(4B) or 139(4C) or 139(4D) of the Income Tax Act. This form is used by taxpayers who fall under special categories such as trusts, political parties, institutions, research associations, and charitable entities.

It is important to note that these are general guidelines, and certain exceptions and conditions may apply depending on individual circumstances. It is always advisable to consult a tax professional or refer to the official guidelines provided by the Income.

If You have any queries then connect with us at [email protected] or you can contact us  & stay updated with our latest blogs & articles

Don't forget to share this article :-

Stay Updated With Our Blogs!

Explore more of our blogs to have better clarity and understanding
of the latest corporate & business updates.

Why People Choose Our Services ?

Free Legal Advice

We provide free of cost consultation and legal advice to our clients.

Tech Driven Platform

All our services are online no need you to travel from your place to get our services.

Grow your business

Experts Team

We are a team of more than 15+ professionals with 11 years of experience.

Transparent pricing

There are no hidden & extra charges* other than the quote/invoice we provide.

100 % Client Satisfaction

We aim that all our customers are fully satisfied with our services.

On-Time Delivery

We value your time and we promise all our services are delivered on time.

Why Trust legal Suvidha?

People Who loved our services and what they feel.

In this Journey of the past 10+ years, we had gained the trust of many startups, businesses, and professionals in India and stand with a 4.9/5 rating in google reviews.We register business online and save time & paperwork.

Reno K Subramaniam
Reno K Subramaniam
I have recently registered a Private Limited firm and was looking for a CA to take care of the filings, Startup India Certificate, and other formalities. I have received emails from legal Suvidha and a few others. I tried talking to them all. But, Mr. Mayank from Legal Suvidha was very impressive and was patient enough, prompt to answer all the queries. He has a very professional team and after the initial formalities, I started interacting with the team. It's not even 2 weeks but I really feel overwhelmed by their service and professionalism. I received my startup India certificate yesterday and my filings have been done promptly. The team at legal suvidha Ms. Nidhi, Ms. Priyanka, Ms. Koshika, and Ms. Saloni all show the same professionalism and are readily available to take care of the official filings and stuff. Overall a great experience till now and looking forward to a great journey!
pankaj tiwari
pankaj tiwari
Legal suvidha is a team of genuine and experienced professionals who give you best services according to your profile
Raman Krishnan
Raman Krishnan
Saloni from legalsuvidha has done a excellent job for filling and geting certificate of DPIIT. Thanks to legalsuvidha.
Prakaash Hari
Prakaash Hari
Team Legal Suvidha offers a brilliant service. There communication is quite clear and they execute the job meticulously. We are a startup private limited company and their advice is so critical in making my decision. Well done team. Keep it up. Prakaash Hari, Director, ipixela.
Priyanka Rudra
Priyanka Rudra
Dedicated team and fast response
Dr. Vishal Ghag
Dr. Vishal Ghag
Been using their services since 3 years now and I am absolutely happy with Legal Suvidha. They have been supportive, understanding and highly skilled at helping me with my business needs.

Our Partnerships & Collaborations

Contact us and grow your business

Legal Suvidha App

Now all Professional Services in a Single Click !

Now get all the services required for your business in a single app.

Subscribe to our newsletter & grow your business

Subscribe To Our Newsletter .

Sign up to receive email updates on new product announcements, special promotions, sales & more.