OPC Simplified: Benefits & Regulations


In the ever-changing business world of India, entrepreneurs often look for simple and flexible ways to start and run their businesses in a manner that aligns with their goals. One such option, introduced under the Companies Act of 2013, is called the “One Person Company” or OPC. This legal structure combines elements of running a business on your own, like a sole proprietorship, with the protection of a private limited company. It’s designed especially for individuals who want to run their businesses with limited risk.

Here, we’ll explore the key features, advantages, tax implications, and what you need to do to follow the rules when you have an OPC in India.

Key Features and Info about OPCs:

1. OPC Structure: OPC is like a blend of being a one-person business and a private limited company. It lets one person start a company with limited risk by keeping their personal assets separate from the business’s debts.

2. Minimum Requirements: You only need one person to create an OPC, and this person can also be the director and shareholder. You must have at least one director, and the one who owns the company acts as the first director. In case something happens to them, like they can’t run the company anymore, they have to choose someone else to take over.

3. Limited Risk: With an OPC, you’re only responsible for the money you’ve put into the company. Your personal stuff isn’t at risk if the business doesn’t do well or has debts.

4. Company Name: Your OPC’s name must end with “OPC Private Limited” so people can tell it apart from other types of companies.

5. Yearly Rules: OPCs must share their financial info and other important details with the Registrar of Companies (RoC) every year. They also need to hold a yearly meeting.

6. Change to a Bigger Company: If your OPC becomes very successful and makes a lot of money, you might need to turn it into a private limited company.

7. Taxes: When it comes to paying taxes, OPCs are treated like private limited companies in India. They pay income tax and corporate tax at the usual rates.

8. Advantages: Running an OPC gives you protection from big financial risks, makes your business look more credible, and can help you get money from investors. Plus, even if something happens to you, your company can keep going.

9. Disadvantages: There are some rules about the kinds of businesses you can run with an OPC. Also, you have to do more paperwork compared to running a business all by yourself, and it can be more expensive.

10. More Rules: OPCs need to keep good financial records, have an annual check-up of their money, and file various forms with the RoC.

11. Changes and Closing Down: If you want to, you can turn your OPC into a private limited company or close it down if you’re done with it.

12. Some Limits: There’s one thing you can’t do with an OPC, which is turning it into a Section 8 (non-profit) company.

Taxes for OPCs in India:

OPC are treated like companies when it comes to taxes. That means they have to pay 30% of their profits in income tax. Plus, there might be some extra charges.


Suppose your OPC generates a profit of Rs. 15 lakhs in the financial year 2023-24. In this case, your tax liability would be as follows:

  • Income tax: Rs. 15 lakhs, resulting in an income tax payment of Rs. 4.5 lakhs.
  • Further cess: At 4%, totaling Rs. 18,000.
  • The total tax liability would be Rs. 4.5 lakhs +  Rs. 18,000, equaling Rs. 4,68,5000.

Important Things to Remember:

– OPC doesn’t get any special tax breaks.
– You have to tell the tax department and the Registrar of Companies about your money by filing reports.
– You might also have to pay other taxes, like the Goods and Services Tax (GST), depending on what your business does.

Yearly Must-Dos for OPC:

– Every year, the directors have to share some info using forms like DIR-8 and MBP-1.
– By September 30th every year, you have to finish the KYC form called DIR-3.
– If you owe money to small businesses (called MSMEs), you need to report it by certain dates, depending on when you got the goods or services.
– If you have an auditor, you have to file a form called ADT-1 within 15 days after your yearly meeting, and again if you reappoint the auditor.
– You also need to file a return called DPT-3 if you have deposits or certain transactions that aren’t considered deposits.
– A form called AOC-4, along with some reports, needs to be sent within 180 days from the end of your financial year.
– If you pass a resolution during a meeting, you have to file an ROC Annual Return within 60 days.

In Conclusion:

One Person Companies (OPC) in India provide an uncommon way for solo entrepreneurs to start and manage businesses with limited risks. They offer various advantages, like protecting your assets and making your business look more official, but they also involve following certain rules and limits. If you’re thinking about starting an OPC, make sure to weigh the pros and cons carefully to see if it’s the right fit for your goals. As a fairly recent addition to India’s business landscape, OPCs play a significant role in encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation in the country.

If You have any queries then connect with us at [email protected] or [email protected] & Contact us  & stay updated with our latest blogs & articles

Don't forget to share this article :-

Stay Updated With Our Blogs!

Explore more of our blogs to have better clarity and understanding
of the latest corporate & business updates.

Why People Choose Our Services ?

Free Legal Advice

We provide free of cost consultation and legal advice to our clients.

Tech Driven Platform

All our services are online no need you to travel from your place to get our services.

Grow your business

Experts Team

We are a team of more than 15+ professionals with 11 years of experience.

Transparent pricing

There are no hidden & extra charges* other than the quote/invoice we provide.

100 % Client Satisfaction

We aim that all our customers are fully satisfied with our services.

On-Time Delivery

We value your time and we promise all our services are delivered on time.

Why Trust legal Suvidha?

People Who loved our services and what they feel.

In this Journey of the past 10+ years, we had gained the trust of many startups, businesses, and professionals in India and stand with a 4.9/5 rating in google reviews.We register business online and save time & paperwork.

Reno K Subramaniam
Reno K Subramaniam
I have recently registered a Private Limited firm and was looking for a CA to take care of the filings, Startup India Certificate, and other formalities. I have received emails from legal Suvidha and a few others. I tried talking to them all. But, Mr. Mayank from Legal Suvidha was very impressive and was patient enough, prompt to answer all the queries. He has a very professional team and after the initial formalities, I started interacting with the team. It's not even 2 weeks but I really feel overwhelmed by their service and professionalism. I received my startup India certificate yesterday and my filings have been done promptly. The team at legal suvidha Ms. Nidhi, Ms. Priyanka, Ms. Koshika, and Ms. Saloni all show the same professionalism and are readily available to take care of the official filings and stuff. Overall a great experience till now and looking forward to a great journey!
pankaj tiwari
pankaj tiwari
Legal suvidha is a team of genuine and experienced professionals who give you best services according to your profile
Raman Krishnan
Raman Krishnan
Saloni from legalsuvidha has done a excellent job for filling and geting certificate of DPIIT. Thanks to legalsuvidha.
Prakaash Hari
Prakaash Hari
Team Legal Suvidha offers a brilliant service. There communication is quite clear and they execute the job meticulously. We are a startup private limited company and their advice is so critical in making my decision. Well done team. Keep it up. Prakaash Hari, Director, ipixela.
Priyanka Rudra
Priyanka Rudra
Dedicated team and fast response
Dr. Vishal Ghag
Dr. Vishal Ghag
Been using their services since 3 years now and I am absolutely happy with Legal Suvidha. They have been supportive, understanding and highly skilled at helping me with my business needs.

Our Partnerships & Collaborations

Contact us and grow your business

Legal Suvidha App

Now all Professional Services in a Single Click !

Now get all the services required for your business in a single app.

Subscribe to our newsletter & grow your business

Subscribe To Our Newsletter .

Sign up to receive email updates on new product announcements, special promotions, sales & more.